All accounts at the close of an accounting period are listed in an unadjusted trial balance. Trial balances are created using information from an account ledger or other bookkeeping records.
The Unadjusted Trial Balance (UTB) is a snapshot in time that provides a complete overview of an organization’s financial standing.
Everything earned, spent, and owned will be accounted for. Since no adjusting entries have been made, it is still in the “unadjusted” category.
When Compared to the Revised Trial Balance, What Are the Differences?
An accounting period’s adjusting entries are included in the Adjusted Trial Balance (ATB), making it identical to the Unadjusted Trial Balance (UTB).
In other words, a trial balance will reflect the total sum of all account balances after adjusting for all transactions, including those that have not yet been recorded in the main ledger or any subsidiary ledgers.
It has been “adjusted” to reflect all of the debit and credit transactions that have affected the company’s accounts.
This eliminates a step in the process of creating financial statements.
Why Is It Necessary to Make a Change to the Trial Balance?
Trial balance adjustments are needed so that it agrees with the supporting documentation (the books of account and the summary sheets). Journal entries such as these can include summaries from adjusting journals.
1. earnings and expenditures, including amortization;
2. provides opening and closing amounts; and
Third, other non-recurring items, include write-offs, currency conversion, and capital gains or losses from investable assets.
The impact of these journal entries is to ensure that the sum of each account’s debits is equal to its credit.
Unadjusted Trial Balance: How to Compute It
Build an exhaustive catalog of the many types of corporate accounts (such as those for assets, liabilities, equity, revenue, and expenses).
Begin by populating the first column of an unadjusted trial balance (UBTB) spreadsheet with the current account balances.
You can accomplish this by adding up the balances at the end of the previous period or by entering the balances as of the first day of the current period.
In the second column of UBTB, list all of the account transactions that have taken place during the current accounting period.
Both the first and second columns will reflect the account balance once each transaction is entered.
The 1st and 2nd columns of UBTB will show the opening and closing balances for each account once all transactions for the accounting period have been entered.
Verify the correctness of your first column by comparing it to the closing balances of the previous period or the first day’s balances of the current period.
In case of mistakes, just adjust the UBTB’s first and second columns until you have the right totals.
Why an Unadjusted Trial Balance Is Necessary
The first stage in making financial statements is compiling an unadjusted trial balance, therefore having one is crucial.
It will include all asset, liability, and equity accounts needed to generate income statements and balance sheets for your business.
The Importance of the Raw Balance Sheet
If you want to keep tabs on your business’s operational results, you need to look at the unadjusted trial balance (UTB).
You can use it to double check the data you entered from your company’s account ledger into a spreadsheet, the first stage in creating financial statements.
The Summing Up
The unadjusted trial balance (UTB) is a record of all company finances as of a specific date.
In the absence of adjusting entries, it will show both debit and credit balances.
Alternatively, adjusting entries made during an accounting period are included in the adjusted trial balance (ATB), making ATB identical to UTB.
To get an accurate depiction of your company’s health, you should always draw up a profit and loss statement and balance sheet as of the last day of the current month.
Adjusting entries in a general ledger or a subsidiary ledger cannot be made until after all financial statements have been generated.
This will guarantee that no money is lost or gained in the process.
Finally, having a UTB to compare with your ATB is crucial for ensuring the integrity of your company’s financial records.
You won’t have to worry about forgetting to enter closing or adjusting entries into UTB or ATB.